The Hatch Act, a federal law passed in 1939, limits certain political activities of State and local government employees who work in connection with federally funded programs. ​The law’s purposes are to ensure that federally funded programs are administered in a nonpartisan fashion, to protect employees from political coercion in the workplace, and to ensure that employees are advanced based on merit and not based on political affiliation.

It is the intent and purpose of this chapter to establish for the government of the state a system of personnel administration under the Governor, based on accepted principles of personnel administration and applying the best methods as evolved in government and industry.

The Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972 makes very significant amendments to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Under the 1964 Civil Rights Act, state and local governments and their employees were excluded from Title VII coverage. However, 1972 amendments to Title VII extend coverage to all state and local governments, governmental agencies, political subdivisions (except for elected officials, their personal assistants, and immediate advisors).

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