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EEO Laws

EEO Laws image

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 makes it illegal to discriminate against someone on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. The law also makes it illegal to retaliate against a person because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. The law also requires that employers reasonably accommodate applicants' and employees' sincerely held religious practices, unless doing so would impose an undue hardship on the operation of the employer's business.

The North Carolina Legislature has a long history of enacting statutes to ensure equal opportunity. The first statute was adopted in August 1972 before state governments were covered under the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

There are many laws and acts that govern EEO. There are also many NC Executive Orders. Executive Orders are not laws, but they have the power to impose a course of action. They are designed by the Governor to give direction to the executive branch of government, departments, or university personnel to execute. Each governor has the opportunity to review executive orders of their predecessors, and they can rescind or continue them.

Federal Laws    

NC Laws    

Executive Orders